Harold H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor

Rosenwald 305B
Fall Quarter Office Hours: By Appointment. Email rshd@uchicago.edu with possible times. I will get back to you shortly.
Winter and Spring Quarter: On Leave

Richard A. Shweder is a cultural anthropologist and the Harold H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Human Development. He received his Ph.D. degree in social anthropology in the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University in 1972, taught a year at the University of Nairobi in Kenya and has been at the University of Chicago ever since.

He is author of Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology and Why Do Men Barbecue? Recipes for Cultural Psychology (both published by Harvard University Press); and editor or co-editor of many books in the areas cultural psychology, psychological anthropology and comparative human development, including Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self and EmotionCultural Psychology: Essays on Comparative Human DevelopmentMetatheory in Social Science: Pluralisms and SubjectivitiesEthnography and Human Development: Meaning and Context in Social InquiryWelcome to Middle Age! (And Other Cultural Fictions); Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies; Clifford Geertz By His Colleagues; and Just Schools: Pursuing Equality in Societies of Difference. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the recently published reference work on diversity in child and adolescent development titled The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion (University of Chicago Press).

Professor Shweder has been a recipient of a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship (1985-86) and was selected as a Carnegie Scholar (2002). He is the recipient of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Socio-Psychological Prize for his essay “Does the Concept of the Person Vary Cross-Culturally?” He has twice been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Palo Alto (1985-86 and 1995-96), where he has co-chaired a special project on “Culture, Mind and Biology.” He has been a Visiting Scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation (1990-91). He has been a Hewlett Visiting Scholar at the Stanford University Research Institute for the Comparative Study of Race and Ethnicity (2003-2004) and a Visiting Scholar at the Stanford University Hoover Institution (Spring 2005 and Spring 2006). He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has been a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Successful Midlife Development (MICMAC). He has served as President of the Society for Psychological Anthropology and has served as co-chair for a joint Social Science Research Council/Russell Sage Foundation Working Group on “Law and Culture” (previously named “Ethnic Customs, Assimilation and American Law”), which is concerned with the issue of the “Free Exercise of Culture: How Free Is It? How Free Ought It To Be?” For the past forty years Professor Shweder has been conducting research in cultural psychology on moral reasoning, emotional functioning, gender roles, explanations of illness, ideas about the causes suffering, and the moral foundations of family life practices in the Hindu temple town of Bhubaneswar on the East Coast of India. During the 1999-2000 academic year he was a Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (The Institute for Advanced Study in Berlin) where he co-edited an issue of the journal Daedalus (Autumn 2000) titled The End of Tolerance: Engaging Cultural Differences.

His recent research examines the scopes and limits of pluralism and the multicultural challenge in Western liberal democracies. He examines the norm conflicts that arise when people migrate from Africa, Asia and Latin America to countries in the “North”. They bring with them culturally endorsed practices (e.g., arranged marriage, animal sacrifice, circumcision of both girls and boys, ideas about parental authority) that mainstream populations in the United States or Western Europe sometimes find aberrant and disturbing. How much accommodation to cultural diversity occurs and ought to occur under such circumstances? He has co-edited two books on this topic (with Martha Minow and Hazel Markus) (published June 2002 and April 2008) entitled Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies and Just Schools: Pursuing Equality in Societies of Difference (Russell Sage Foundation Press 2008). He is currently writing a book provisionally titled Customs Control: Un-American Activities and The Moral Challenge in Cultural Migration. During the 2008-2009 academic year he was a member of the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. In 2014 he delivered the Philomathia Lectures on Human Values hosted by the Research Centre for Human Values at the Chinese University of Hong Kong on the topic "The Cultural Psychology of Moral Thinking."

In 2016 he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society for Psychological Anthropology.

Contact Information
rshd@uchicago.edu

Courses

Cultural Psychology

When Cultures Collide: The Moral Challenge in Cultural Migration

If Someone Asserts It, Deny It: Critical Reason and Political Correctness in Social Science Research

Moral Psychology and Comparative Ethics

Accessible Publications

2020 Forward: Indigenous Psychology and the Moral Challenge of Robust Cultural Pluralism.  In Alvin Dueck (Ed.), Indigenous Psychology of Spirituality: "In my beginning is my end", Palgrave MacMillan.

2020 "Morality Amid Covid-19" hosted by Amber Cazzell on her podcast series "Moral Science" with Bengt Brülde, Bradford Cokelet, Diane Lieberman, and Liane Young. Listen at: https://www.ambercazzell.com/post/msp-ep36-covid19

2020 Roy Goodwin D'Andrade: A Biographical Memoir, National Academy of Science online archive.

2019 Richard A. Shweder interviewed by Ricardo Lopes on his "The Dissenter" podcast series. The 95 minute interview is titled "Morality, Haidt's Moral Foundations, and Multiculturalism" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-HRrzg6sM0

2019 With Gratitude to Bob LeVine: His Scholarship, Character, Ancestral Consciousness and Tribal Lore.  Forthcoming in “The Cultural Psyche, Or the Work of Culture in Psychology: The Selected Papers of Robert A. LeVine on the Development of a Psychosocial Science" (Dinesh Sharma, Editor)

2019 Preface by Richard A. Shweder to "All Together Now: American Holiday Symbolism Among Children and Adults" by Cindy Dell Clark.  New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University Press.  Pages ix-xiii.

Shweder, Richard A. (2019) "Ethical Pluralism and Multicultural Exchanges" (Amber Cazzell interviews Richard A. Shweder on "The Moral Science Podcast".  The interview includes a discussion of several approaches to the study of moral psychology). Listen at: https://anchor.fm/amber-cazzell0/episodes/Ethical-Pluralism-and-Multicultural-Exchanges-with-Richard-Shweder-e5ddr3

Shweder, Richard A. (2019) "A Spirit of Two Research Circles: In Memory of Carolyn Pope Edwards".

Shweder, Richard A. (2019) "The Role of Reason in Cultural Interpretation: Some Talmudic Distinctions for Indigenous and Cultural Psychology" (In Memory of Professor Kuo-Shu Yang)  Forthcoming in Louise Sandararajan (Ed.), Global Psychology from Indigenous Perspectives.  Palgrave Macmillan.

Shweder, Richard A. (2017) ”The Risky Cartography of Drawing Moral Maps: With Special Reference to Economic Inequality and Sex-Selective Abortion” In Universalism without Uniformity, Ed. Julia L. Cassaniti and Usha Menon. The Univesity of Chicago Press: Chicago and London.

Shweder, Richard A. (2017) "The End of the Modern Academy: At the University of Chicago, For Example"  Published in the journal Social Research (Volume 84, no. 3, Fall 2017, pages 695-719). Originally prepared for New School of Social Research Conference on “The Future of Scholarly Knowledge” (October 13-14, 2016). The full text of the copy edited version of the essay is available here. The full text of the published version is available in the Post by the journalist John Tierney.

Shweder, Richard A. (2017) "Social Intelligence in a Multicultural World: What Is It?  Who Needs It? How Does It Develop?"New Persepctives in Human Development, edited by Nancy Budwig, Elliot Turiel, and Philip Zelazo, Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, R. A., & Nisbett, R. L. (2017). "Don’t Let Your Misunderstanding of the Rules Hinder Your Research", The Chronicle of Higher Education. April 19.

Shweder, R. A., & Nisbett, R. L. (2017). "Long-Sought Research Deregulation Is Upon Us. Don't Squander the Moment." The Chronicle of Higher Education. p. A44. March 17

Shweder, Richard A. (2016) "Cracks in the Ivory Tower: A Note on Prewitt's Indirect Consequentialism". Published in "Items: Insights from the Social Sciences" (The Newsletter of the Social Science Research Council)

Shweder, Richard A. (2016)  Let Socrates Back on Campus  (Response to a question posed by the creators and managers of the Heterodox Academy website: "What change would you like to see in universities or in your academic field by 2025?"   

Shweder, Richard A. (2016) "Channeling the Super-Natural Aspects of the the Ethical Life"  (Review of Webb Keane's "The Ethical Life: Its Social and Natural Histories"   HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory  Vol 6. no 1

Shweder, Richard A. (2016)  "Living By Means of the Law of Non-Contradiction", contribution to the Debate on "Anthropology and the Study of Contradictions"  HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory Vol. 6 no. 1

Shweder, Richard A. (2016) "Targeting the Israeli Academy: Will Anthropologists Have the Courage to Just Say 'No'?", Opinion Piece on Huffington Post, Huffpost Politics, March 24th 2016

Shweder, Richard A. (2016) "Equality Now in Genital Reshaping: Brian Earp's Search for Moral Consistency", Kennedy Ethics Institute Journal, forthcoming June issue

Shweder, Richard A. (2015) “Doctoring the Genitals: Towards Broadening the Meaning of Social Medicine” The Journal of Clinical Ethics, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp 176- 179

Shweder, R.A., Beldo, L., 2015. "Culture: Contemporary Views." In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 5. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 582–589.

Shweder, Richard A. (2015). "The Ultimate Moral Arbiter, Received Tradition or Autonomous Reason? Some Questions Concerning Morality and Development in Confucian EthicsDao vol. 14, issue 2, pp 219–224

Shweder, Richard A. (2015)  "In Defense of the No Action Option: Institutional Neutrality, Speaking for Oneself, and the Hazards of Corporate Political Opinions"  A talk prepared for the panel on “A House Divided:  Politics, Professional Mobilization, and Academic Freedom in American Anthropology,” November 20, 2015 American Anthropological Association Meetings, Denver, Colorado.

Shweder, Richard A. (2015)  "Anthropology and the Non-Natural Properties of Human Nature: Relax and Enjoy Them" A Commentary on Maurice Bloch’s book Anthropology and the Cognitive Challenge prepared for the journal Social Anthropology.

Shweder, Richard A. (2014). "The Tower of Appraisals: Trying to Make Sense of the One Big Thing." Emotion Review, vol. 6, no. 4, pp 1-3.

Shweder, Richard A. (2014). "Cubs Suck: Relax and Enjoy It!" in Psychology Today, 23 April 2014.

Shweder, R.A. (2014). "Let Me Tell You a Story About Hindu Temples and Run Away Trolleys: In Honor of Sudhir Kakar." Psychoanalysis, Culture and Religion: essays in honour of Sudhir Kakar. Dinesh Sharma, Ed. Oxford University Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2013). "Understanding souls: A commentary on Anna Wierzbicka’s natural semantic metalanguage" The Australian Journal of Anthropology, no. 24, pp 22–26.

2013. "Robust Cultural Pluralism: An Interview with Professor Richard A. Shweder" (interviewed by Séamus Power).  Europe's Journal of Psychology, 9:671-686 (Nov. 29, 2013).  Available Open Access: http://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/718

Shweder, Richard A. (2013). "The goose and the gander: the genital wars." Global Discourse: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought.

Shweder, Richard A. and Usha Menon (2013). Old Questions for the New Anthropology of Morality: A Commentary. (Forthcoming in a special issue of journal "Anthropological Theory" on the topic of culture and morality, edited by Julia Cassaniti and Jacob Hickman).

Shweder, Richard A. (2012). "The Cultural Psychology of Natural Kinds and the Deconstruction of the Emotions: A CommentEmotion Review Vol. 4, No. 4 pp 382–384

Shweder, Richard A. (2012). "To Follow The Argument Where It Leads: An Antiquarian View of the Aim of Education at the University of Chicago."  In Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?  Ed. Jonathan Cole, Akeel Bilgrami and Jon Elster.

Shweder, Richard (2012). "In Memoriam: Bertram Cohler 1938-2012." Developments: Newsletter of the Society for Research in Child Development. July 2012 vol. 55 no. 3, pp 15-16.

The Public Policy Advisory Network on Female Genital Surgeries in Africa (2012). "Seven Things to Know About Female Genital Surgeries in Africa."  Hastings Center Report 42:19-27 

Shweder, Richard A. (2012). "Anthropology's Disenchantment With the Cognitive Revolution." In TOPICS: Journal of the Cognitive Science Society. 4(3): 354-61.

Shweder, Richard A. (2012). "The Metaphysical Realities of the Unphysical Sciences: Or Why Vertical Integration Seems Unrealistic to Ontological Pluralists." In Creating Consilience, Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities. Ed. Edward Slingerland and Mark Collard. Oxford University Press, pp 56-73.

Shweder, R.A. (2012). "Relativism and Universalism." Companion to Moral Anthropology. Ed. Didier Fassin. Wiley-Blackwell pp. 85-102. 

Shweder, Richard A.(2010) “How Hanukkah Led Me to Cultural Anthropology: What's on your Un-American Cultural Activities List?” Psychology Today, December 8, 2010, Online Blog Series by Richard Shweder: Cultural Commentary: The Impact of Culture, Tradition and Society on Psyche, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cultural-commentary/201012/how-hanukkah-led-me-cultural-anthropology

Shweder, Richard A.(2010) “Hasty Feelings and a Few Thoughts About Turiel's Lament.” Human Development, August 5, 2010, http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=JournalSpecials&ProduktNr=224249.

Shweder, Richard A.( (2010) “Freud's Friends and Enemies One Hundred Years Later, Part 3: Freud and the Cleansing of Souls”, Psychology Today, Feb. 4, Online Blog Series by Richard Shweder: Cultural Commentary: The Impact of Culture, Tradition and Society on Psyche, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cultural-commentary/201002/freuds-friends-and-enemies-one-hundred-years-later-part-3.

Shweder, Richard A.( (2010) “Freud's Friends and Enemies One Hundred Years Later, Part 2: Freud's Enemies List”, Psychology Today, Feb. 3, Online Blog Series by Richard Shweder: Cultural Commentary: The Impact of Culture, Tradition and Society on Psyche, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cultural-commentary/201002/freuds-friends-and-enemies-one-hundred-years-later-part-2.

Shweder, Richard A.( (2010) “Freud's Friends and Enemies One Hundred Years Later, Part 1:Did Freud Go To Far?  How Far Would You Go?” Psychology Today, Feb. 2, Online Blog Series by Richard Shweder: Cultural Commentary: The Impact of Culture, Tradition and Society on Psyche, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cultural-commentary/201002/freuds-friends-and-enemies-one-hundred-years-later-part-1-0.

Shweder, Richard A.(2010) Intellectuals and “Humanity” as a Whole. Common Knowledge (2010) 16 (1): 1–6.

Shweder, R.A. (2010). "Geertz's Challenge: Is It Possible to Be a Robust Cultural Pluralist and a Dedicated Political Liberal at the Same Time?" In Law Without Nations (edited by Austin Sarat), Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press 2010, pages 185-231.

Shweder, Richard A.( (2009) “Tiger Woods and the Halo Effect”, Psychology Today, Dec. 16, Online Blog Series by Richard Shweder: Cultural Commentary: The Impact of Culture, Tradition and Society on Psyche, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cultural-commentary/200912/tiger-woods-and-the-halo-effect.

Shweder, Richard A. (2009) “A Great Moral Legend from Orissa”  Prepared for Orissa Society of Americas Souvenir, 40th Annual Convention of the Orissa Society of the Americas, July 2009.

Shweder, R.A. (2009). "Shouting at the Hebrews: Imperial Liberalism v Liberal Pluralism and the Practice of Male Circumcision." Law, Culture and the Humanities. 5: 247-265

Shweder, R.A. (2009). “Interview with Fuambai Ahmadu on ‘Disputing the Myth of Sexual Dysfunction in Circumcised Women’”, Anthropology Today, 23(6): 14-17.

Shweder, R.A. (2008). “After Just Schools: Conflicting Varieties of Liberal Hope.” In M. Minow, R.A. Shweder, & H. Markus (Eds.), Just Schools: Pursuing Equality in Societies of Difference. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2008). "The Cultural Psychology of Suffering: The Many Meanings of Health in Orissa, India (and Elsewhere)." Ethos 36(1): 60-77.

Shweder, R.A., Haidt, Jonathan, Horton & Joseph, Craig (2008). The Cultural Psychology of Emotions: Ancient and Renewed In M. Lewis, Jeannette Haviland-Jones, and Lisa Barrett (Eds.) Handbook of Emotions (3rd Edition). New York: Guilford Press.

Joseph, C.M., Howe, M.J.K., Van den Hout, C. Riedel, B., and Shweder, R. A. (2008) “Overstressing Islam: Bridgeview’s Muslim Community Since 9/11”.  In Katherine Ewing and Stephanie Platz (Ed.), "Being and Becoming: Muslims in the United States After 9/11", Russell Sage Foundation Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2007). "The Resolute Irresolution of Clifford Geertz.Memorial essay for Clifford Geertz. Written for the journal Common Knowledge (Vol. 13 No. 2)

Shweder, R.A. (2007). "The Revival of Cultural Psychology: Some Premonitions and Reflections." In Shinobu Kitayama and Dov Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology, Pp. 821-836. Guilford Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (2007) "Circumcision" or "Mutilation": And Other Questions About a Rite in Africa.   Tierneylab Science Blog, New York Times Website (Science Section), December 5, 2007.

Shweder, Richard A. (2007) Op-Ed Contributor: A True Culture War.  New York Times Op-Ed essay, October 27, 2007.

Shweder, Richard A. (2006) "Customs Control: Some Anthropological Reflections on Human Rights Crusades." Virginia Journal of Social Policy & the Law, vol. 14, no. 1, Fall 2006, p. 1-38.

Shweder, R.A. (2006). "John Searle on a witch hunt: A commentary on John R. Searle's essay ‘Social ontology: Some basic principles’" Anthropological Theory 2006; Vol. 6, No.1; Pp. 89-111

Shweder, R.A. (2006). "Protecting Human Subjects and Preserving Academic Freedom: Prospects at the University of Chicago.American Ethnologist, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 507–518

Shweder, R.A., J. Goodnow , G. Hatano , R. Levine , H. Markus & P. Miller (2006) "The Cultural Psychology of Development: One Mind, Many Mentalities." (Revised and Updated) In William Damon (Ed.), Handbook of Child Psychology, 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons.

Shweder, Richard A. (2006) “Atheists Agonistes,” New York Time Op-Ed Essay, November 27, 2006.

Shweder, Richard A. (2005) “Cliff Notes: The Pluralisms of Clifford Geertz”, In R.A. Shweder and B. Good (Eds.), Clifford Geertz By His Colleagues. University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2005). "When Cultures Collide: Which Rights? Whose Tradition of Values? A Critique of the Global Anti-FGM Campaign." Global Justice and the Bulwarks of Localism, pp. 181-199

Shweder, R.A. (2005). "From Persons and Situations to Preferences and Constraints.” This essay expands on remarks delivered on June 11, 2005 at Columbia University at a Festschrift in honor of Walter Mischel titled "Toward a Science of the Person: Paradigm Change in Psychological Models of Human Nature" (organized by Yuichi Shoda and Daniel Cervone).

Shweder, R.A. (2005). "The Fun Index." 480th Convocation Address at the University of Chicago.

Shweder, R.A. (2004). "Tuskegee re-examined. Spiked Essays, www.spiked-online.com. A cultural anthropologist offers a counter-narrative to the infamous story of US government scientists allowing black men to suffer from untreated syphilis, and how this story is used as an example of why we need the Institutional Review Board (IRB) system.

Shweder, R. A. (2004). Deconstructing the Emotions for the Sake of Comparative Research. In A. S. R. Manstead, N. Frijda, & A. Fischer (Eds.), Studies in emotion and social interaction. Feelings and emotions: The Amsterdam symposium (p. 81–97). Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2004). "George Bush and the Missionary Position.Daedalus. 133(3): 26-36.

Shweder, Richard A. (2004) “Moral Realism Without the Ethnocentrism:  Is It Just A List of Empty Truisms?” In A. Sajo (Ed.), Universalism in Law: Human Rights and the Rule of Law.

Horton, R., and Shweder, R.A. (2004) "Ethnic Conservatism, Psychological Well-Being and the Downside of Mainstreaming: Generational Differences." In C. Ryff and R. Kessler (Eds.), How Healthy Are We?: A National Study of Well-Being at Midlife. The University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, R.A., N. Much, L. Park and M.M. Mahapatra (2003). "The 'Big Three' of Morality (Autonomy, Community, Divinity) and the 'Big Three' Explanations of Suffering.” Originally from "Morality and Health." Allan Brandt and Paul Rozin (eds). New York: Routledge, 1997. Reprinted in "Why Do Men Barbecue?: Recipes for Cultural Psychology." Shweder, R. A. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2003). "The Moral Challenge in Cultural Migration."American Arrivals: Anthropology Engages the New Immigration. School of American Research Press, Santa Fe: New Mexico.

Shweder, R.A. (2003). "Anti-Postculturalism (Or, the View from Manywheres)” In "Why Do Men Barbecue?: Recipes for Cultural Psychology." Shweder, R. A. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Shweder, R.A. (2003). "Toward A Deep Cultural Psychology of Shame." Social Research 70: 1401-1422.

Shweder, R. A., and Menon, U. (2003) "Dominating Kali: Hindu Family Values and Tantric Power." In J. Kripal and R. McDermott (eds.) Encountering Kali: Cultural Understanding At the Extremes.

Shweder, Richard A. (2003) “Is the Global Campaign Justified? A Commentary on Elizabeth Heger Boyle’s Female Genital Cutting”  AMICI: Newsletter of the Sociology of Law Section of the American Sociological Association, 11(1): 3-7.

Shweder, Richard A. (2003)  “The Gatekeepers.” (Review of Michael F. Brown, Who Owns Native Culture?).  The New York Times Book Review, September 14, p. 13.

Shweder, R., Minow, M., and Markus, H. (2002) “Introduction.”  In Shweder, R. Minow, M. and Markus, H. (Eds.), Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (2002) “On the Return of the Civilizing Project.”   Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  Summer 2002.

Shweder, R.A. (2002). "The nature of morality: The category of bad acts." From Medical Ethics vol. 9 issue 1, pp. 6-7.

Shweder, R.A. (2002). "'What about female genital mutilation?' and why understanding culture matters in the first place.” From "Engaging cultural differences: the multicultural challenge in liberal democracies", R. Shweder, M. Minow, & H. Markus (Eds.).

Shweder, Richard A. (2001) “A Polytheistic Conception of the Sciences and the Virtues of Deep Variety”.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  Originally presented at the New York Academy of Sciences Conference on “The Unity of Knowledge: The Convergence of the Natural and Human Sciences.”  June 2000.

Shweder, Richard A. (2001) “The Legend of United Airlines Flight 93” Vineyard Gazette, September 21, page 13.

Shweder, Richard A. (2001) “Rethinking the Object of Anthropology, and Ending Up Where Kroeber and Kluckhohn Began.” American Anthropologist. June Issue.

Shweder, R.A. (2000). "The Psychology of Practice and the Practice of the Three Psychologies.” Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 3:207-222.

Shweder, R.A. (2000). "Moral Maps, ‘First World’ Conceits and the New Evangelists.” In Lawrence Harrison and Samuel Huntington (Eds.), Culture Matters: Cultural Values and Human Progress, New York: Basic Books, Inc. pages 158-177. Originally prepared for Conference on "Cultural Values and Human Progress," American Academy of Arts and Sciences, April 23-25, 1999.

Shweder, Richard A. (2000) Going Global: From “Free Trade” to “West Is Best”.  University of Chicago Magazine, December issue, pages 30-31.

Shweder, R.A., Minow, M., and Markus, H.  (2000)“Introduction.” The End of Tolerance: Engaging Cultural Differences.  Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Vol. 129 (4) Fall 2000, pp. V-IX

Menon, U., and Shweder, R.A. (2000) "Power in Its Place: Is the Great Goddess of Hinduism a Feminist?" In A. Hitel-beitel and K. Erndl (Eds.) Is the Goddess a Feminist: The Politics of South Asian Goddesses, Sheffield Academic Press: Sheffield, England.

Shweder, R.A., and Haidt, J. (2000) “The Cultural Psychology of the Emotions: Ancient and New."  In M. Lewis and Jeannette Haviland-Jones (Eds.) Handbook of the Emotions (2nd edition) New York: Guilford Press, pp. 397-414.

Shweder, Richard A. (1999) "Cultural Psychology."  In the MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science.  MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.

Shweder, Richard A. (1999) "Culture and Development in Our Post-Structural Age." In A.S.Masten (Ed.) Cultural Processes in Child Development (Volume 29 of Minnesota Symposium on Child Development).

Shweder, Richard A. (1999) "Encomium for Robert A. LeVine," Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology, 27: 235-244.

Shweder, Richard A. (1999) "Reader, I Divorced Her."  (Review of Falling by John Taylor).  The New York Times Book Review, April 4.

Shweder, Richard A. (1999) "Why Cultural Psychology?"  Special Issue on the Presidents' Panel of the 1997 Meeting of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.  Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology, 27:62-73.

Shweder, Richard A. (1998) "A Few Good Men?  Don't Look in the Movies."  New York Times Arts and Leisure Section.  Sunday January 25, pp. 1, 24-25.

Shweder, Richard A. (1998) "If Voltaire Had Been A Czech..."  (Review of Shedding Life: Disease, Politics and Other Human Conditions by Miroslav Holub).  The New York Times Book Review, February 22, 1998, p. 31.

Shweder, Richard A. (1998) "The Free Exercise Project: Multiculturalism and the Law." Anthropology Newsletter, December 1998, pp. 49-50.

Menon, U., and Shweder, R.A. (1998) "The Return of the 'White Man's Burden: An Encounter Between the Moral Discourse of Anthropology and the Domestic Life of Hindu Women."  In Richard A. Shweder (ed.), Welcome to Middle Age! (And Other Cultural Fictions), pp. 139-188.

Shweder, Richard A. (1998) "To Speak of the Unspeakable." (Review of After Silence: Rape and My Journey Back by Nancy Venerable Raine).  The New York Times Book Review, September 20, p. 13.

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "A Poke in the Public Eye," (Review of Private Matters by Janna Malamud Smith). The New York Times Sunday Book Review, August 31, p. 9.

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "America's Latest Export: A Stressed-Out World," The New York Times Week in Review, January 26, 1997, page 5.

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "Ancient Cures for Open Minds," The New York Times Week in Review, October 26, p. 6.

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "How We Down Here View What's Out There," The New York Times Op-Ed essay, August 24, p. 13 of “News of the Week in Review.”

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "It's Called Poor Health for a Reason," The New York Times Week in Review, March 9, 1997, p. 5.

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "Read. You're Getting Very Unsleepy." The New York Times Week in Review, September 7, p. 4

Shweder, Richard A. (1997) "The Surprise of Ethnography," Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology. Special Issue on "Ethnography and the Illumination of Sociocultural Processes," pp. 152-163.

Shweder, R.A. (1996) "True Ethnography - The Lore, the Law, the Lure" in Ethnography and Human Development edited by Richard Jessor, Anne Colby and Richard A. Shweder, University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, R. A. (1996). Quanta and qualia: What is the "object" of ethnographic method? In R. Jessor, A. Colby, & R. A. Shweder (Eds.), The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation series on mental health and development. Ethnography and human development: Context and meaning in social inquiry (pp. 175-182). Chicago, IL, US: University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1996) "A Gentler, Kinder Darwinism." (Review of Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals by Frans De Waal). Los Angeles Times Book Review, April 28, 1996, pp. 3, 9.

Shweder, Richard A. (1996) "Freak Love" (Review of Tyranny of the Normal by Leslie Fiedler). New York Times Book Review, October 20, 1996, p. 20.

Graf, P., Carstensen, L.L., Weinert, F.E., and Shweder, R.A. (1996) "The 'Mind' of Cultural Psychology." In Paul Baltes, and Ursula Staudinger (Eds.), Interactive Minds: Life-Span Perspectives on the Social Foundations of Cognition, p. 430-440.

Shweder, Richard A. (1995) "The Confessions of a Methodological Individualist"  (Commentary on James Wertsch's essay  "Sociocultural Research in the Copyright Age"). Culture and Psychology vol. 1, no 1.

Shweder, Richard A. (1995) "It's Time to Reinvent Freud."  The New York Times OP-ED, December 15, 1995.

Shweder, R.A., Jensen, Lene & Goldstein, William A (1995). "Who Sleeps by Whom Revisited: A Method for Extracting the Moral Goods Implicit in Practice.” From the publication Cultural Practices as Contexts for Development. Vol 67, pp 21-39.  J.J. Goodnow, P.J. Miller and F. Kessel, eds., Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.

Menon, U., and Shweder, R.A. (1995) “Midlife In Bhubaneswar," MIDMAC Bulletin, No 4, pp. 1-2.

Menon, Usha; Shweder, Richard A. (1994) "Kali's tongue: Cultural psychology and the power of shame in Orissa, India." Emotion and culture: Empirical studies of mutual influence. , (pp. 241-282). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, xiii, 385 pp.

Shweder, R.A. (1994) "Fundamentalism for Highbrows: The [1993] Aims of Education Address at the University of ChicagoAcademe, Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors. Vol. 80, No.6

Shweder, R.A. (1994). "'You're Not Sick, You're Just in Love': Emotion as an Interpretive System." The Nature of Emotions: Fundamental Questions. Edited by Paul Ekman & Richard J. Davidson (New York: Oxford University Press) pp. 32-44.

Shweder, R.A. (1994). "Are Moral Intuitions Self-Evident Truths?” From the journal Criminal Justice Ethics. Vol 13, no 2. pp 24-31.

Shweder, Richard A. (1994) "Hey, You Still Just Don't Understand." (Review of Deborah Tannen's book Gender and Discourse).  The New York Times Book Review, August 14, 1994, p.14.

Shweder, Richard A. (1994) "Keep Your Mind Open." (Review of Robert Jay Lifton's book The Protean Self: Human Resilience in an Age of Fragmentation).  The New York Times Book Review, Feb. 20, 1994, p. 16.

Shweder, Richard A. (1994) "What Do Men Want? A Reading List For the Male Identity Crisis." The New York Times Sunday Book Review, Jan. 9, 1994, p. 3, p. 24.

Shweder, Richard A. (1993) Genetic Aspects of Human Behavior: Philosophical and Ethical Issues. Prepared for Encyclopedia of Bioethics, New York: Macmillan.

Shweder, R.A. & Haidt, Jonathan (1993). "The Future of Moral Psychology: Truth, Intuition, and the Pluralist Way.” From the journal Psychological Science. Vol 4, no 6. pp 360-365.

Shweder, R.A. & Sullivan, Maria (1993). "Cultural Psychology: Who Needs It?", Annual Review of Psychology, 44:497-523

Shweder, R.A. (1993). "Why Do Men Barbecue?" and Other Postmodern Ironies of Growing up in the Decade of Ethnicity. Daedalus, Vol. 122 no 1, America's Childhood (Winter, 1993), pp. 279-308.

Shweder, Richard A. (1993) Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Cognitive Appraisal Theory Without Being Conscious of It: A review of Richard S. Lazarus' Emotion and Adaptation." Psychological Inquiry, 4: 322-326.

Shweder, Richard A. (1993) "Puritans in High-Top Sneakers" The New York Times Op-Ed, p. 11, September 27.

Shweder, Richard A. (1993) "The Cultural Psychology of the Emotions." In Michael Lewis and Jeannette Haviland (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotions. New York: Guilford Publications, Inc.

Shweder, R.A. (1992). Ghostbusters in Anthropology. R.G. D'Andrade and Claudia Strauss (Eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Reprinted in Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers nos. 69-70, 1989, pp. 100-108, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley).

Shweder, Richard A. (1992) "Dialogue Amid the Deluge" (Review of Hannah Arendt – Karl Jaspers: Correspondence, 1926-1969, ed. Lotte Kohler and Hans Saner), The New York Times Book Review, September 20, 1992, pp. 53-54.

Shweder, Richard A. (1992) "The Authority of Voice", New York Law School Law Review. Special Issue on "Lawyering Theory"

Shweder, R.A. & Much, N. (1991). "Determinations of Meaning: Discourse and Moral Socialization." Originally from "Moral Development Through Social Interaction." William Kurtines and Jacob Gewirtz (eds.) Reprinted in "Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology," Shweder, R.A., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991

Shweder, R.A. (1991). "The Astonishment of Anthropology." In Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology, Shweder, R.A., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) "A Glimpse of the 1991 SPA Meetings." Anthropology Newsletter, December, pp. 16-17.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) "Confusionism and the Varieties of the Moral (Commentary)." Human Development, 34: 353-362.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) "Dangerous Thoughts..." (Review of In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought by Carl N. Degler), The New York Times Book Review, March 17, pp. 1, 30-31, 35.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) ”On Pseudoempiricism, Pseudodeductionism, and Common Sense." (Commentary on "The Pseudoempirical in Psychology and the Case for Psychologic," by Jan Smedslund). Psychological Inquiry, 2(4): 366-371.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) "Post-Nietzchian Anthropology: The Idea of Multiple Objective Worlds." In R.A. Shweder, Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Shweder, Richard A. (1991) "The Crime of White Maleness." New York Times Op-Ed, Sunday, August 18, 1991.

Shweder, R.A. & Sullivan, Maria (1990). "The Semiotic Subject of Cultural Psychology."  L. Pervin (Ed.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford Press.

Shweder, R.A. (1990). "In Defense of Moral Realism: Reply to Gabennesch.” Child Development. Vol 61, no 6. pp 2060-2067.

Shweder, R.A. (1990). "Ethical Relativism: Is There a Defensible Version?"  Ethos, Vol. 18, No. 2, Moral Relativism (June 1990), pp 205-218.

Shweder, Richard A. (1990) “Comment on Boudon.” Forum Section of Rationality and Society, 2: 224-228.

Shweder, Richard A. (1990) "Confusionism: An Ethic of Significant "Others" for the '90s." Anthropology Newsletter, American Anthropological Association, May 1990, 31, pp. 16-17.

Shweder, Richard A. (1990) "Cultural Psychology: What Is It?" In James Stigler, Richard A. Shweder and Gilbert Herdt (Eds.), Cultural Psychology: Essays on Comparative Human Development. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1989) “In Paris-Miniskirts of the Mind." Essay in New York Times Book Review, January 8, 1989, p.1, 28-29.

Shweder, Richard A. (1989) "Mother's Nature." (Review of The Female Animal by Irene Elia). Los Angeles Times Literary Supplement, March 5, 1989, p.13.

Shweder, Richard A. (1989) "The Future of 'Cultural Psychology'."Anthropology Newsletter, American Anthropological Association, October 1989, 30, p.19.

Shweder, R. A. (1988). Suffering in style Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 12(4), 479-497.

Shweder, Richard A. (1988) "Artful Realism." VIA: The Journal of the Graduate School of Fine Arts. The University of Pennsylvania, Vol. 9.

Lucy, J.A., & Shweder, R.A. (1988) "The Effect of Incidental Conversation on Memory for Focal Colors." American Anthropologist, 90: 923-931.

Shweder, Richard A. (1988) "The How of the Word." (Review of Works and Lives by Clifford Geertz). The New York Times Book Review, February 28, 1988, p.13.

Shweder, Richard A. (1987) “How to Look at Medusa without Turning to Stone” Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 37- 55

Shweder, R.A. et al. (1987). "Culture and moral development."  The emergence of morality in young children (pp. 1-83). J. Kagan & S. Lamb (eds). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1987) “Little Bits of Heaven." (Review of Other World Journeys, by Carol Zaleski). New York Times Book Review, June 14, 1987, pp.3, 33.

Shweder, Richard A. (1987) Review of Relativism and the Social Sciences by Ernst Gellner. Man: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 22, 368-369.

Shweder, R.A (1986).  "Uneasy Social Science."  Metatheory in Social Science: Pluralisms and Subjectivities, Donald W. Fiske and Richard A. Shweder (Eds.), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986, pages 1-18.

Shweder, Richard A. (1986) "Divergent Rationalities." In D.W. Fiske and R.A. Shweder, (Eds.), Metatheory in Social Science: Pluralisms and Subjectivities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1986) "Economist's Brains--$2.49 A Pound." Journal of Business, special issue on Behavioral Foundations of Economic Theory, Robin Hogarth and Mel Reder (Eds.), 59: 345-354.

Shweder, Richard A. (1986) "Storytelling Among the Anthropologists," Essay in New York Times Book Review, September 21, 1986, pages 1, 38-39.

Shweder, Richard A. (1986) "The Joy of Original Sin" (Review of Sexual Desire, by Roger Scruton). The New York Times Book Review, March 23, 1986, p.38.

Shweder, Richard A. (1985) "A Slash-and-Burn Intellect" (Review of The View From Afar, by Claude Levi-Strauss). The New York Times Book Review. April 14, 1985, pp. 38-39.

Shweder, Richard A. (1985) "Has Piaget Been Upstaged? A Reply to Hallpike." American Anthropologist, 87: 138-144.

Shweder, Richard A. (1985) "Menstrual Pollution, Soul Loss and the Comparative Study of Emotions." In A. Kleinman and B.J. Good (Eds.) Culture and Depression: Towards an Anthropology of Affects and Affective Disorders. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1985) "The Social Construction of the Person: How Is It Possible?" In Kenneth J. Gergen and Keith Davis (Eds.) The Social Construction of the Person. New York: Springer Verlag International Series on Social Psychology. (Richard A. Shweder and Joan G. Miller)

Shweder, Richard A. (1984) "Anthropology's Romantic Rebellion Against the Enlightenment: Or, There's More to Thinking Than Reason and Evidence." In R.A. Shweder and R.A. LeVine (Eds.), Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self & Emotion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, Richard A. (1984) “Preview: A Colloquy of Culture Theorists." In R.A. Shweder and Robert A. LeVine (Eds.) Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self and Emotion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, R.A. (1983). "Culture as a Cognitive System.” Social Cognition and Social Development: A Sociocultural Perspective. E. Tory Higgins, Diane N. Ruble and Willard W. Hartup (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. (Deborah L. Pool, Richard A. Shweder and Nancy C. Much), pp. 193-213.

Shweder, Richard A. (1983) "Giving up on Destiny? A Reply to Kohlberg." Contemporary Psychology, 28: 83.

Shweder, Richard A. (1983) "In Defense of Surface Structure." In F. Landy and S. Zedeck (Eds.) Performance Measurement: Directions for the Future. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum, pp. 166-172.

Shweder, Richard A. (1982) "On Savages and Other Children" (Review of The Foundations of Primitive Thought, by C.R. Hallpike). American Anthropologist, 84: 354-366.

Shweder, R.A. (1982). "Beyond Self-Constructed Knowledge: The Study of Culture and Morality" Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 1 (January 1982), pp. 41-69

Shweder, R.A. (1982). Liberalism as Destiny Contemporary Psychology. Vol 27, no 6. pp 421-424.

Shweder, R.A. & Bourne, E.J. (1982). "Does the concept of the person vary cross-culturally?" Originally from Cultural Conceptions of Mental Health and Therapy, A. Marsella and G. White (eds.) Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel. Reprinted in Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology, Shweder, R.A., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Shweder, Richard A. (1981) "Fact and Artifact in Trait Perception: The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis." In B.A. Maher and W.B. Maher (Eds.) Progress in Experimental Personality Research, Vol. 11. New York: Academic Press, pp. 65-99.

Shweder, Richard A. (1981) "Rationality 'Goes Without Saying'." Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 5: 348-358.

Shweder, Richard A. (1981) "What's There to Negotiate? Some questions for Youniss." Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 27: 405-412.

Much N., Shweder, R.A. and Turiel, E. (1981). "The moral intuitions of the child.” Social Cognitive Development: Frontiers and Possible Futures. John H. Flavell & Lee Ross (eds). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shweder, Richard A. "Rethinking Culture and Personality Theory Part III: From Genesis and Typology to Hermeneutics and Dynamics." Ethos , Vol. 8, No. 1 (Spring, 1980), pp. 60-94

Shweder, Richard A. (1980) “Factors and Fictions in Person Perception: A Reply to Lamiell, Foss and Cavanee." Journal of Personality, 48: 74-81.

Shweder, Richard A. (1980) "Scientific Thought and Social Cognition." In W. Andrew Collins (Ed.), Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology, 13, 1978, pp. 263-272.

Shweder, Richard A. (1979) ”Accurate Reflection or Systematic Distortion? A Reply to Block, Weiss and Thorne." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37: 1075-1084. (Richard A. Shweder and Roy G. D'Andrade)

Shweder, Richard A. "Rethinking Culture and Personality Theory Part II: A Critical Examination of Two More Classical Postulates." Ethos , Vol. 7, No. 4 (Winter, 1979), pp. 279-311

Shweder, Richard A. "Rethinking Culture and Personality Theory Part I: A Critical Examination of Two Classical Postulates." Ethos , Vol. 7, No. 3 (Autumn, 1979), pp. 255-278

Lucy, J., & Shweder, R. (1979). "Whorf and His Critics: Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Influences on Color Memory." American Anthropologist, 81, 581-615.

Shweder, R.A. & Much, N. (1978). "Speaking of Rules: The Analysis of Culture in Breach.” In William Damon (Ed.), New Directions in Child Development, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp.19-39.

Shweder, R. A. (1977) "Likeness and Likelihood in Everyday Thought: Magical Thinking in Judgments About Personality [and Comments and Reply]"
Current Anthropology, Vol. 18, No. 4. Dec. , pp. 637-658.

Shweder, Richard A. (1976) "We are the greatest!: East African Ethnocentrisms." Contemporary Psychology, 21: 733-734. (Review of Ethnocentrism and Intergroup Attitudes: East African Evidence, by Marilynn B. Brewer and Donald T. Campbell. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1976.)

Shweder, Richard A. (1976) “Commentary on "Malinowski's Magic: The Riddle of the Empty Cell," By Karl Erik Rosengren. Current Anthropology,17: 681-682

Shweder, Richard A.  (1975) "Interpretation of Intellectual Diversity." Science, 188: 855-858. May 23. (Review of Culture and Thought, by Michael Cole and Sylvia Scribner, and Modes of Thought, by Robin Horton and Ruth Finnegan.)

Shweder, Richard A.  (1975)."How Relevant Is an Individual Difference Theory of Personality?" Journal of Personality, 43: 455-484.

Shweder, R.A., & Levine, R. (1975). Dream Concepts of Hausa Children: A Critique of the "Doctrine of Invariant Sequence" in Cognitive DevelopmentEthos, 3(2), 209-230.

Shweder, Richard A. (1974) Culture and Thought. In Cole, M., & Scribner, S. (1974). Culture and thought: A psychological introduction. New York: Wiley,a pp. 457-461.

Shweder, R.A. (1973). "The between and within of Cross-Cultural ResearchEthos, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 531-545

Shweder, Richard A. (1972) Review of Learning to Be Rotuman: Enculturation in the South Pacific. by Alan Howard. American Journal of Sociology 78, no. 2 (1972):482-83

Shweder, Richard A.(1972) Aspects of Cognition in Zinacanteco Shamans: Experimental Results, In Reader in Comparative Religion, W. Lessa and EZ Vogt, (eds.) New York: Harper & Row.

Books: Collections and Edited Volumes

The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion University of Chicago Press: Chicago. 2009 (Richard Shweder, Editor-in-Chief, Tom Bidell, Anne Dailey, Suzanne Dixon, Peggy Miller and John Modell, Editors)

Why Do Men Barbecue?: Recipes for Cultural Psychology. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA (2003).

Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies.  Russell Sage Foundation Press: NY (Richard A. Shweder, Martha Minow, Hazel Markus, editors) (2002).

Ethnography and Human Development: Context and Meaning in Social Inquiry. The University of Chicago Press: (Richard Jessor, Anne Colby, and Richard Shweder, editors) (1996).

Clifford Geertz by His Colleagues. The University of Chicago Press. (Richard Shweder and Byron Good, editors).

Welcome to Middle Age! (And Other Cultural Fictions). University of Chicago Press.  (Richard A. Shweder, editor).

Cultural Psychology: The Chicago Symposia. New York: Cambridge University Press. (James Stigler, Richard A. Shweder, Gilbert Herdt, editors).

Thinking through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology.Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

Metatheory in Social Science: Pluralisms and Subjectivities. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. (Richard A. Shweder and D.W. Fiske, editors) (1986).

Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self and Emotion. New York: Cambridge University Press, (Richard A. Shweder and Robert A. Levine, editors) (1984).