Public housing residents have long experienced stigma as members of an urban “underclass.” One policy response is the creation of mixed-income developments; by deconcentrating poverty and integrating residents into communities in which their residences are indistinguishable from neighbors, such efforts might reduce stigma associated with residency in traditional public housing.
McCormick, N. J., Joseph, M. L. and Chaskin, R. J. (2012). The New Stigma of Relocated Public Housing Residents: Challenges to Social Identity in Mixed-Income Developments. City & Community, 11: 285–308. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6040.2012.01411.x